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Analysis of policital parties' approaches to employment law unveiled

Conservatives   ·         General plan to cut red tape, reduce &ldquofrivolous&rdquo employment tribunal claims and boost apprenticeships and skills ·         Stripping away legislation Remove &ldquogold-plating&rdquo of EU employment laws Increase use of &ldquosunset clauses&rdquo (i.e. provisions included in legislation that give it an expiry date &ndash used when it is felt that policy-makers should have the chance to decide on the merits of a piece of legislation after a fixed period, so that legislation does not remain in force long after it has ceased to be relevant) Make more use of the &ldquoone in, one out&rdquo principle. This requires Departments to (i) assess the net cost to business (&lsquoIN&rsquo) of complying with any proposed regulation (ii) ensure that the net cost to business of proposed regulation is validated by the independent Regulatory Policy Committee (RPC) and (iii) find a deregulatory measure (an &lsquoOUT&rsquo), which relieves business of the same net cost as any &lsquoIN&rsquo Restore adherence to principle of &ldquosubsidiarity&rdquo &ndash which means that decisions are taken as closely as possible to the citizen and that constant checks are made to verify that action at EU level is justified in light of the possibilities available at national, regional or local level. This mean that the EU should not take action (except in the areas that fall within its exclusive competence), unless it is more effective than action taken at national, regional or local level. Subsidiarity is closely bound up with the principle of proportionality, which requires that any action by the EU should not go beyond what is necessary to achieve the objectives of the EU Treaties ·         More prominent role for ACAS so that employees are given more support to resolve issues before going to the Employment Tribunal ·         Encourage development of apprenticeships by extending Advanced Learning loans for apprentices   Labour   ·         General plan to reform zero hours contracts, stop agency workers from being used to undercut wages, increase and enforce the minimum wage and reform the Employment Tribunal system ·         New industrial strategy to introduce new legislation to increase productivity, training and pay ·         Zero hours contracts o   Protect workers on zero hours contracts from (i) having to be available at all hours, (ii) being required to work exclusively for one employer, and (iii) having shifts cancelled at short notice and without compensation o   Give workers on zero hours contracts who in practice work regular hours the right to be put onto a regular contract o   Introduce new ACAS code of practice relating to zero hours contracts ·         Agency workers o   End Swedish derogation, which means that agency workers do not have to be paid the same as comparable employees ·         Make it illegal for recruitment agencies to hire only from overseas ·         Crack down on non-payment of the minimum wage by increasing fines ·         Give HMRC wider remit to investigate non-payment of holiday pay and give local authorities a new enforcement role ·         Introduce &ldquoMake Work Pay&rdquo contracts, which will give tax breaks to employers that pay employees a living wage ·         Abolish employee shareholder status ·         Raise the minimum wage to over £8 per hour before 2020 ·         Apprenticeships o   Create 80,000 more apprenticeships o   Guarantee an apprenticeship for all school-leavers who get certain grades ·         Provide free childcare for working parents and double paternity leave to four weeks. Increase the level of paternity pay so that fathers receive the equivalent of a full week&rsquos work paid at the National Minimum Wage ·         Require employee representation on remuneration committees ·         Abolish fee system in Employment Tribunal ·         Introduce Small Business Administration to assist small businesses by ensuring that new regulations are not too onerous from a cost and compliance point of view Give the Low Pay Commission new powers for the purposes of raising pay and productivity in lower-paid sectors Liberal Democrats   ·         Expand apprenticeships and develop national colleges for vocational skills ·         Extend reserved paternity leave from two to six weeks with &ldquouse it or lose it&rdquo policy &ndash additional four weeks cannot be transferred to the mother ·         Conduct review of Employment Tribunal fees regime to increase access to justice ·         Zero-hours contracts o   Crack down on unscrupulous use of zero-hours contracts o   Extend right to request permanent to all workers regardless of length of service ·         Introduction of &ldquoname-blank&rdquo job applications for all public sector jobs   UKIP   ·         Review all EU legislation and remove anything deemed which hamper British prosperity and competitiveness ·         Withdraw from the jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights ·         Introduce an option for students to take an Apprenticeship Qualification instead of four non-core GCSEs which can be continued at A-Level. Students can take up apprenticeships in jobs with certified professionals qualified to grade the progress of the student. ·         Enable businesses to discriminate in favour of young British workers.   Green   Increase the minimum wage to £10 per hour by 2020 Ban exploitative zero-hours contracts Introduce a maximum 35-hour working week   SNP   ·         Provide support for 125,000 modern apprenticeships over the lifetime of the Parliament and a commitment that every 16-19 year old in Scotland not in work, part of a modern apprenticeship scheme or receiving education is offered a learning or training opportunity   Plaid Cymru   Living wage for all employees by 2020 End exploitative zero-hours contracts with exclusivity clauses but no guaranteed weekly income Provide training or employment to any young person under 25 who is out of work for more than four months Supervisory boards of major companies who employ more than 500 staff will include elected employees to ensure scrutiny of management Introduce &lsquofair pay&rsquo scheme to link the pay of everybody within a company Create an Independent Commission to consider industrial relations policy and legislate against blacklisting Review Employment Tribunal fees to increase access to justice  
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